2018-2022 Elder Needs Index

The Elder Needs Index (ENI) is a measure created by the Florida Department of Elder Affairs (2019) to estimate populations of older adults with the highest probable need, based on demographic factors. The variables selected for this measure are based on the amended Older Americans Act, which aims to support older adults live independently in their own homes and stay active in their communities.

This measure includes: (1) the percentage of the 60 and older population that is age 85 and older; (2) the percentage of the 55 and older population that are members of racial or ethnic minority groups; (3) the percentage of the 65 and older population with one or more disability; and (4) the percentage of the 55 and older population living below 125 percent of the Federal Poverty Level.

Darker colored areas of this map indicate areas of higher probable need. Government institutions, private providers, and researchers can use this information to assist planning and intervention.

This maps and dashboards preview explores the Elder Needs Index using data from the 2018-2022 American Community Survey.

Darker areas in the map represent higher values of the Elder Needs Index.

Glossary

ACS: American Community Survey, a program that helps understand changes in demographic, economic, educational, and other aspects of people in the US territory.

Elder Needs Index %: A statistical tool created by Florida Department of Elder Affairs (2019) to illustrate the proportion of elders in vulnerable demographic groups. The Elder Needs Index (ENI) is based on public data from ACS. ENI is defined as the average of the following percentages:

  1. 85+ score %: Population 85 years and older expressed as a percentage of population 65 years and older (Census table B01001).
  2. Minority score %: Population that includes Hispanic, Latino, and all groups other than white alone, expressed as a percentage of population 55 years and older (Census tables B01002H and B01001).
  3. Disability score %: Population with a disability, expressed as a percentage of civilian, noninstitutionalized population 65 years and older (Census table B18101).
  4. Poverty score %: Population below the federal poverty line, expressed as a percentage of population 55 years and older for whom poverty status is determined (Census table B17001).

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Representations and Warranties

Claude Pepper Center provides Maps and Dashboards “as is.” Claude Pepper Center does not represent or warrant that insights from our Maps and Dashboards are statistically significant, free of inaccuracies or errors, and/or representative of any population or territory whatsoever. Claude Pepper Center hereby disclaims any and all implied warranties, including without limitation, warranties of fitness for a particular purpose, merchantability, and non-infringement.

Suggested Citation

Claude Pepper Center (2024). 2018-2022 Elder Needs Index. Tallahassee: Florida State University. fsu.edu | archive.org

References

Florida Department of Elder Affairs (2019, February). Methodology and Instructions of the 2018 Florida Elder Needs Index Maps & Other Interactive Maps Developed by the Department of Elder Affairs. elderaffairs.org | archive.org

Manson, S., Schroeder, J., Van Riper, D., Knowles, K., Kugler, T., Roberts, F., & Ruggles, S. (2023). IPUMS National Historical Geographic Information System: Version 18.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS. nhgis.org | archive.org

U.S. Census Bureau (2022, December 8). American Community Survey (ACS) 2018-2022 5-Year Data Release. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. census.gov | archive.org

U.S. Census Bureau (2022). American Community Survey (ACS) 2022 ACS Table List. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. census.gov | archive.org | census.gov | archive.org

U.S. Census Bureau (2022). Census Data API: Variables in /data/2022/acs/acs5/variables. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. census.gov

U.S. Census Bureau (2023, January 1). TIGER/Line Shapefiles. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. census.gov | archive.org