2015-2019 General Population Vulnerability Index

This is a preview of the General Population Vulnerability Index (LSI), a statistical tool to illustrate the social needs of people of all ages as indicated by poverty, minority status, living alone, and living in areas with relatively few service providers.

This maps and dashboards preview explores the GPVI using data from the 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS) and 2017 counts of service providers from the National Neighborhood Data Archive (NaNDA). GPVI is intended for comparative analysis with our later-life oriented products.

Darker-colored areas on the map are places where people is the most vulnerable in terms of poverty, minority status, living alone, and lacking services.

Glossary

ACS: American Community Survey, a program that helps understand changes in demographic, economic, educational, and other aspects of people in the US territory.

NaNDA: National Neighborhood Data Archive, a publicly available repository for economic, demographic, and social data for the United States..

General Population Vulnerability Index (GPVI): A statistical tool that represents the needs of people of all ages in the form of poverty, minority status, living alone, and lack of services in their county or tract of residence. GPVI is based on public data from ACS and NaNDA, and it is defined as the average of the following percentages:

  1. Minority score %: Population that includes Hispanic, Latino, and all groups other than white alone, expressed as a percentage of the total population (Census tables B01001H and B01001).
  2. Poverty score %: Population below the federal poverty line, expressed as a percentage of population for whom poverty status is determined (Census table B17001).
  3. Living alone score %: Population living alone, expressed as a percentage of population 65 years and older (Census table B09020).
  4. All services score %: This score is based on the ratio of all service providers in the county or census tract to the total population. The county or census tract gets a 0% score if its average services are equal or more than the state average. The score is 100% if the average services are less than the state’s average. For the particular case of the state map, this score is set to 0% for all states.

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Representations and Warranties

Claude Pepper Center provides Maps and Dashboards “as is.” Claude Pepper Center does not represent or warrant that insights from our Maps and Dashboards are statistically significant, free of inaccuracies or errors, and/or representative of any population or territory whatsoever. Claude Pepper Center hereby disclaims any and all implied warranties, including without limitation, warranties of fitness for a particular purpose, merchantability, and non-infringement.

Suggested Citation

Claude Pepper Center (2024). 2015-2019 Generational Population Vulnerability Index. Tallahassee: Florida State University. fsu.edu | archive.org

References

Finlay, J., Li, M., Esposito, M., Gomez-Lopez, II, Khan, A., Clarke, P., and Chenoweth, M. (2020, October 1). National Neighborhood Data Archive (NaNDA): Grocery Stores by Census Tract, United States, 2003-2017. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. openicpsr.org | archive.org

Finlay, J., Li, M., Esposito, M., Gomez-Lopez, II, Khan, A., Clarke, P., and Chenoweth, M. (2020, November 10). National Neighborhood Data Archive (NaNDA): Social Services by Census Tract, United States, 2003-2017. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. openicpsr.org | archive.org

Manson, S., Schroeder, J., Van Riper, D., Knowles, K., Kugler, T., Roberts, F., & Ruggles, S. (2023). IPUMS National Historical Geographic Information System: Version 18.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS. nhgis.org | archive.org

U.S. Census Bureau (2020, December 10). American Community Survey (ACS) 2015-2019 5-Year Data Release. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. census.gov | archive.org

U.S. Census Bureau (2019). American Community Survey (ACS) 2019 ACS Table List. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. census.gov | archive.org | census.gov | archive.org

U.S. Census Bureau (2019). Census Data API: Variables in /data/2019/acs/acs5/variables. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. census.gov

U.S. Census Bureau (2019). TIGER/Line Shapefiles. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. census.gov | archive.org